You've heard people bragging about having a fast Canon lens and how great they are, but what's it all about? What is a fast lens and why would you want one?
This post will explain what a fast Canon lens is and cover the pluses and minuses of fast lenses for digital cameras.
Simply put, a fast lens is a lens with a large aperture. That means it can open up wider and let more light strike your camera's sensor. You can use a faster shutter speed. That's important for several reasons.
Here's an example of the kind of effect you can get with a fast lens, in this case the Canon 85mm f/1.8. Even more so with subjects that are close to your camera, you can emphasize your subject more when using a lens with a large maximum aperture.
Lenses are described by their focal length and their maximum aperture. As an example, Canon makes several different versions of their 50mm focal length lens. See the "Fast, Faster, and Fastest" illustration below.
The smaller that f/stop number is, then the larger the maximum f/stop is. In the illustration, the Canon 50mm f/1.4 lens is the fastest.
Canon has a huge selection of fast lenses. I included f/2.8 lenses in this list, although some photographers have the opinion that wide angle lenses that open up to f/2.8 are not really fast lenses.
I think f/2.8 is fast for any lens. With telephoto lenses, both non-zooming prime and zooming, there's no doubt that f/2.8 is definitely considered fast.
Most of these lenses have had newer versions, for each focal length, released since the originals. All, but one, are all EF lenses, not EF-S lenses. Here is the list of fast Canon lenses in the form of a table.
|FOCAL LENGTH||MAXIMUM APERTURE||COMMENTS|
|20mm||f/2.8||Very popular lens for photography of architecture, landscapes and the nighttime sky because of its affordable price tag|
|24mm||f/1.4||Outstanding performance when taking photos in low light situations and the nighttime sky|
|16-35mm||f/2.8||This is a great lens for shooting landscapes and fast enough to shoot the stars with too|
|35mm||f/1.4||For me, it's not an important focal length to have as a fast lens to justify the price|
|50mm||f/1.2||Fast, really fast and expensive|
|50mm||f/1.4||Really fast and somewhat moderately priced|
|50mm||f/1.8||Fast and affordable. My recommendation for 90% of Canon shooters|
|17-55mm||f/2.8||The Canon EF-S 17-55mm f/2.8 IS USM lens is the only smaller EF-S lens that makes this list|
|24-70mm||f/2.8||Wedding and event photographers love this lens because it's a good combination of fast and versatile|
|85mm||f/1.8||This was my first Canon "prime" lens," perfect for portraits (and very affordable for an "L" lens)|
|85mm||f/1.4||Lets in about 50% more light (1/2 stop) than the f/1.8|
|85mm||f/1.2||Very Pricey. Incredible Bokeh, but not exceptionally fast at auto-focusing|
|70-200mm||f/2.8||One of the most popular portrait lenses on the planet. This is now my go-to portrait lens|
|300mm||f/2.8||This f/2.8 is considered a very fast lens for a lens at this size|
|400mm||f/2.8||Priced at around $12,000, you have to be a pro wildlife photographer or extremely well off financially to justify in one of these beauties|
Notice that only one of the Canon EF-S lenses is considered fast. Almost all of the fast Canon lenses are EF "L" lenses, intended for full frame cameras. Canon L lenses are made to the strictest standards.
More money goes into their design, the highest quality materials, and precise manufacturing tolerances than standard lenses.
Secondly, fast lenses are bigger and made with larger lens elements, so the materials used add to the higher cost as well. Just like Chevy Suburban compared to a Chevy Equinox, the bigger engine, bigger tires, and bigger chassis cost more to make.
Don't fret if you have a smaller APS-C Canon DSLR camera! You can use one of the fast EF lenses on your camera. The APS-C cameras include all the Rebel "t" and "ti" series( t3, t3i, t4, t4i, t5, t6, t7, t8 etc.), the "SL" series (SL1, SL2, SL3), and the XXD series (Canon 60D, 70D, 77D 80D, 90D).
With the crop factor you just have to remember you have a narrower angle of view when you're looking at the Canon EF fast lenses.
Here are specific situations for specific fast lenses to consider. Some of these overlap each other and there are no strict rules when it comes to choosing a fast lens you want to shoot with, but looking at these specific categories will help you decide on the best fit for your situation.
Sports and other fast moving action photos need a quick shutter speed to "freeze" the action on the playing file or on the court. Having a fast lens with a wide lens opening allows more light to enter.
You can use a faster shutter speed and still get a good exposure. All of these lenses come with a big price tag, but their performance can;t be questioned.
Canon EF 300mm f/2.8 IS USM
Canon EF 400mm f/2.8L IS II USM
Canon EF 200mm f/2L IS USM Lens
Canon EF 70-200mm f/2.8L IS III USM Lens
Good for shooting in indoor tight spaces where it's not very bright and you don't want to use a flash. Also good for shooting nightscapes. If you want a true wide angle lens that's fast for your crop sensor Canon, I suggest you look at the first 2 lenses in the last and a third one, the oly EF-S in the fact Canon lens category.
The large majority of Canon shooters that have fast telephoto lenses are bird shooters and wildlife enthusiasts. I start with a surprise recommendation that is actually not a fast lens at all.
CANON EF 400MM F/5.6. The Canon 400mm can;t be used with tele extenders, but at 400mm, it's got nice reach for distant wildlife photos. Fast telephoto lenses are downright pricey. This lens is a great lens for newbie wildlife photographers. It's the first wildlife lens I ever owned and I loved it because of the image quality and it's low price.
You'll be shooting wildlife in daylight and this lens is tack sharp wide open at its maximum aperture of f/5.6.
CANON EF 400MM F/4.0. This is a gorgeous lens. It's out of my price range, but there is no way you could possible be disappointed if you choose this telephoto lens.
For a general purpose lens that is fast there are 3 good Canon lens choices I can recommend. They're all zoom lenses, which makes them work as good multi-purpose lenses. One is an updated EF-S kit lens, the 2nd is a wide angle zoom, and the third is a popular pick with wedding photographers.
CANON EF-S 17-55MM F/2.8. This is a nice upgrade to the standard kit lens that comew sith so many of the Canon DSLR cameras.
CANON EF 16-35MM F/2.8. This is a really sharp lens and good for most situations, but would disappoint you to shoot headshot portraits or any kind of wildlife or sports.
CANON EF 28-70MM f/2.8L. It's one of the pricier L lenses and great for existing light photography. It's not great for shooting wide angle landscapes on APS-C sensor crop cameras.
Almost all of the fast Canon lenses will give you a nice creamy out of focus background if you use them with the lens set wide open to maximum aperture. The exception occurs with the fast very wide angle lenses. The wider that the lens is then the larger the range of things in focus, called depth of field.
Ultra wide angle lens inherently give you photos where foreground and background are in good focus. The exception comes in when your subject is super close to your lens and the background is distant from your lens.
Conversely, super long Canon telephoto lenses have a very shallow depth of field and will give you more out of focus backgrounds.
No, they're actually great! If you can stomach the bigger investment and carrying a slightly bigger load, you'll love shooting with a fast lens. I routinely use my Canon 85mm f/1.8, combined with extension tubes, to shoot all of my macro photography.
Have a blast.....shoot a Canon!
I have 3 of the fast lenses listed in the article. From left to right are: the 24-70 f/2.8, the 70-200mm f/2.8, and the 85mm f/1.8
Canon 28-70mm f/2.8
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