It can be confusing to know which canon digital cameras are crop sensors and which Canon cameras are full frame. The list of Canon cameras and their sensor sizes will help.
Both the full frame and crop sensor Canons have specific lenses designed to use with them so it can, at first glance, seem complicated to understand. This simplified explanation will help.
There are two standard sizes of sensors in Canon digital cameras. Full frame sensors are the same size, 36mm wide by 24mm tall, as the original 35mm film camera frame. The second size is about 1.6X smaller and named APS-C. This size is also commonly called a "Crop Sensor" because they are a cropped version of the full frame sensors.
These lists of the two main sizes of Canon camera sensors starts with cameras that were released in 2012. Any before that are very outdated sensors and image quality won't be as high as more recent sensors will give you.
Here's a list of Canon crop sensor cameras and when they were released. The official designation by Canon is APS-C cameras.
|YEAR RELEASED||CANON CAMERA|
|2012||REBEL t4i, EOS M|
|2013||REBEL t5i, SL1, EOS M2|
|2014||7D Mark II, REBEL t5i|
|2015||REBEL t6i, 80D, EOS M5||2016||REBEL t6, EOS M3, EOS M10||2017||REBEL t7i, SL2, 77D, EOS M6, EOS M100||2018||REBEL t7, t100, EOS M50||2019||90D, SL3, EOS M6 Mark II, EOS M200||2020||REBEL t8i, EOS M50 Mark II|
Here's a list of Canon full frame sensor cameras and when they were released. Canon does not make as many full frame sensor cameras as they do crop sensor cameras.
|YEAR RELEASED||CANON CAMERA|
|2012||1DX, 5D Mark III, 6D|
|2016||1DX Mark, 5D Mark IV II|
|2017||6D Mark II|
|2020||1DX Mark III, EOS R5, EOS R6|
You're probably wondering how big is a full frame sensor on a Canon camera. Just like the full frame sensors in Nikon, Sony, and Panasonic digital cameras, full frame sensors measure 36mm wide and 24mm high.
The size of crop sensors can vary between manufacturers. For example, Canon's crop sensor measures in at 22.2 x 14.8 mm. and Nikon's crops sensor is slightly larger at 24mm by 16mm.
Canon crop sensor cameras will work with either EF-S or EF lenses. Canon full frame sensor cameras will only work with EF lenses. Here's the full article giving you more details in a simplified way on EF versus EF-S Lenses.
Below you can watch the video that explains the differences in the lenses for both Canon crop vs. full frame cameras.
CANON FULL FRAME: Full frame sensor cameras need a lens that has a larger image circle that will project light onto and cover the entire area of the larger sensor.
CANON CROP FRAME: Crop sensor cameras don't need to use a lens that has as large of an image circle. That means you can use either the larger EF or the smaller EF-S lenses.
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Have a blast. Shoot a Canon!
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